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後軍事化的異托邦再現

王子怡

作品名稱 Title: 後軍事化的異托邦再現_金門E-033 寒舍花當代美術館 Reappearance of Post-militarized Heterotopia_E-033 Hanshehua Museum of Modern Art , Kinmen 指導老師 Adviser: 洪仰政 基地位置 Location: 金門/山后 Shanhou/Kinmen 作品介紹 Description: 1960年蔣介石指示建設金門為「三民主義模範縣」,模範縣計畫將金門政策的焦點轉向社會和經濟發展,意圖彰顯中華民國的現代化與開發政策勝過中華人民共和國。而這種模範縣運動是政治作戰的形式,也是一項為地緣政治議題及考量支配的發展計劃,同時也是一種軍事化的烏托邦現代主義(militarized utopian modernism)。 金門歷經戰爭的恐懼及威脅、高壓的軍事治理,究竟該如何看待自己的幽暗歷史(dark history),如何繼承、敘述或再現這些歷史遺跡(dark heritage),以及如何進行悲暗觀光(dark tourism)?這些複雜的社會化過程都是後軍事化的金門所必需進行的歷史反省及值得深化的課題。 米榭 ‧ 傅柯(Michel Foucault, 1926-1984)以異托邦 (heterotopia) 指稱介於真實空間(real space)和烏托邦(utopia,虛構空間)之間,具有凝縮異質元素於一處而迸發的擾動潛能,通過傅柯的異托邦六點原則進行金門E-033寒舍花戰地文化史的踏查實踐,通過行走時的視覺經驗與主體之刺點感受,印證寒舍花異托邦的「反位址」「並置位址」與「夢址」與交織性的空間存在。 E-033寒舍花漁管哨作為軍事化前的「金門山后聚落耕作農地」、後軍事化的「金東前線海防閒置基地」,它蘊含擾動潛能與休閒極致,我希冀透過寒舍花將金門的軍事遺跡以更驚豔的手法來讓人感知碉堡空間關係,且讓在地居民與環境共構出新故事,重塑環境價值與文化傳承,落實軍事遺跡存活的核心價值,並以美術館為再生機能,將寒舍花美術館作為強化金門東北角觀光鏈與藝術文化培養的異托邦之地。 In 1960, Mr. Jieshi Chiang directed the construction of Kinmen as a "Model County of the Three Principles of the People." The model county planned to shift the focus of Kinmen's policy to social and economic development, and intended to demonstrate that the Republic of China's modernization and development policies surpassed the People's Republic of China. And this model county movement is a form of political warfare and a development plan governed by geopolitical issues and considerations. It is also a militarized utopian modernism. After experiencing the fears and threats of war and high-pressure military governance, how should Kinmen view its dark history, how to inherit, describe or reproduce these dark heritage, and how to conduct dark tourism? These complicated socialization processes are historical reflections and topics worthy of deepening that are necessary for the post-militarized Kinmen. Michel Foucault (1926-1984) uses heterotopia to refer to it as being between real space and utopia (fictional space), condensing heterogeneous elements in one place. Disturbing the potential, using Foucault's six-point heterotopia principle to carry out the practice of investigating the cultural history of the E-033 Hanshehua Battlefield,Kinmen. Through the visual experience of walking and the subject's punctum feeling, it confirms Hanshehua's heterotopia's "anti-Address", "Colocation Address" and "Dream Address" and intertwined spaces exist. E-033 Hanshehua Fisherman's Post is the pre-militarized "Farming Farmland in Kinmen" and the post-militarized "Frontline Coastal Defense Idle Base on the side east of Kinmen island". It contains the potential for disturbance and the ultimate in leisure. I hope to design Hanshehua to help the military relics in Kinmen and use more stunning methods to let people perceive the spatial relationship of the bunker, and allow the local residents and the environment to construct a new story, reshape the environmental value and cultural heritage , implement the core value of the heritage of the military relics. I design Hanshehua Museum of Modern Art is used as a heterotopia place to strengthen the tourism chain and art culture cultivation in the northeast corner of Kinmen.