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1949.

張譽瀚

作品名稱 Title: 1949._二元視角的戰爭故事 1949._The War Story from Binary Perspective 指導老師 Adviser: 陳拓男 基地位置 Location: 金門/西半島 Kinmen/Western Kimen 作品介紹 Description: 金門因戰爭留下許多特殊的地景,其中包括雕堡、指揮所、防空洞、壕溝等等,設想若這些故事能被重新呈現,並注入機能,那有可能可以將70年後對戰爭的解讀與既有的紀念物對話。於是我以古寧頭大戰作為整個設計核心 古寧頭大戰戰場落於整個西半島,打了三天。解放軍渡海攻打金門,而國軍駐守於金門,並以湖南高地作為指揮所,古寧頭為最大的戰場,最後在北山斷崖結束戰事 整個設計以反戰為概念, 透過不同腳色的心境描述戰爭的冷酷。以國軍跟解放軍兩邊視角串接戰前,戰中,戰後擬了五個劇本,並選址在與劇本相應的歷史場域作為基地,分別是嚨口雕堡,戰史館軸線潮間帶,湖南高地,北山播音牆。再將劇本轉化為空間,與既有場域對話 劇本內容  1.講述青年軍在戰前駐守碉堡時志忑不安過程  2.載解放軍渡海攻金的漁夫被迫參與戰爭描述時代下的無奈  3.國軍的指揮官做決策時必須將犧牲視為必然的心境  4.戰爭第三天的故事,國軍開始反打當時解放軍佔領的指揮所-北山古洋樓,在古洋樓裡的解放軍試圖掙脫包圍的過程  5.一個沒有對立視角的結局,最後在北山斷崖國軍以卸下武裝代替全數殲滅的方式做為收尾 上述的五個劇本對應到整個西半島的五個基地上, 設計涵蓋範圍很大,可以透過遊程體驗兩種視角在戰前,戰中,戰後的時序。不刻意將其透過都市元素串聯,而將各個歷史場域的地景分別整合是以保留故事獨立的完整性。 Kinmen is famous for its historical site such as bunkers, command posts, air-raid shelters, and moats. These spots are related to battles in Kinmen, among which the largest fight is “battle of Kuningtou”. The battle then inspired my design. The theme of my design is base on the mentioned battle. The battlefield covered the western Kinmen. The battle lasted for three days. The PLA(People's Liberation Army) crossed the sea and attacked Kinmen, while the KMT troops were stationed in Kinmen. KMT setted Hunan Highland as the command post. The largest battlefield is in Kuningtou, and the battle ended at the Beishan cliff. The design aims to remind people of cruel and merciless war. This is described with different setting on the both troops. To contrast the binary perspective, I created five scripts connecting pre-war, mid-war, and the end of the war. Five scripts then derived five sites to conduct the project, which are Longkou bunker(Anxious Room), Kuningtou war museum(Shaking Tower), Hunan highland(Rugged Road), Beishan old Western-Style House(Devastated Cave), Baishan Boardcasting Wall(Peace House). Through the sites, my design will reflect on Kinmen’s battle history. The scripts: CHAPTER 1-Before the war, the youth soldiers nervously stationed in the bunker. CHAPTER 2-The helpless fishermen were forced to take the PLA to Kinmen. CHAPTER 3-The KMT commender considered sacrifice to be necessity when making decisions. CHAPTER 4-The third day of the war. The KMT troops tried to take over Beishan Old Western-Style House where were occupied by the PLA. Therefore, the PLA attempted to break through the surrounding. CHAPTER 5- In the end of the war, the PLA was defeated. Then they were captured by KMT troops. This design covers a large area. By the tour route, you can experience the binary perspectives in per-war, mid-war, and the end of the war.