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3_05

明日城市下的居住

張育菁

作品名稱 Title: 明日城市下的居住_居住型態的改變 Residence in the City of Tomorrow_Transform in New Living Style 指導老師 Adviser: 陳志宏 基地位置 Location: 高雄/前鎮 Qianzhen/Kaohsiung 作品介紹 Description: 我對住宅未來的改變有一些好奇及期許,都市的市場競爭,機能區位的追求,台灣城市的需求非住宅生活而是生存,為了適應而規劃的空間重劃區主要為戶型多的大樓型態建設,使住家的形式提供最大績效。 在全球,雖然人口呈正,但隨著年齡增長趨勢受到總體影響逐漸下降,且台灣出生率也逐步下降。在2019年台灣人口2360萬為最高峰,在1993年就成為高齡化社會,2018年為高齡社會,推動2025年邁入高齡社會;而轉低出生率的影響下,人口負成長加上人口的遞減,2070年人口數量將下降為1,449~1,716萬人,約為2020年的6~7成。生活的大量人口居住在都市,為了容納擴張而重劃空間,而重劃的區域大部分為大樓型態,台灣的人口會每十年減少一百萬,房屋卻不斷增長,而一棟住宅的壽命可達到20年甚至40年,最後可能產生空屋閒置。 有別於台灣集合住宅的封閉;房屋、公寓住宅的不便,藉由氣候、交通、工作及家庭組成的改變去找出因應未來居住的社區,以混和居住作為發展前提。研究不同家庭對於空間、活動的不同,找出共同互動的公共空間,消除集合住宅對街廓封閉、增加生活軌跡的多樣。 I have some curiosity and expectations about the future changes in residential buildings. The urban market competition and the pursuit of airport location. The needs of Taiwanese cities are not residential life but survival. The spatial rezoning planned for adaptation is mainly the building type with the majority of units. Construction, so that the form of residence provides maximum performance. Globally, although the population is positive, the overall impact of age growth is gradually decreasing, and Taiwan’s birth rate is gradually declining. Taiwan’s population reached its peak of 23.6 million in 2019, and it became an aging society in 1993. In 2018, Taiwan’s population reached its peak of 23.6 million. An advanced age society will promote an advanced age society by 2025; and under the influence of a lower birth rate, the negative population growth will be coupled with the decline in the population, and the population will drop to 14.49~17.16 million in 2070, which is about 6~7 in 2020. to make. A large number of people living in the city have planned the rezoning space in order to accommodate expansion, and the rezoning area is mainly for most of the building types. The population of Taiwan will decrease by one million every ten years, but the housing is constantly changing. Growth, and the lifespan of a house can reach 20 or even 40 years, after which vacant houses may be left unused. It is different from the closure of collective housing in Taiwan; the inconvenience of housing and apartment housing, the change of climate, transportation, work and family composition is used to find out the community to live in in the future, and mixed living is the prerequisite for development. By studying the differences in space and activities of different households, we can find common interactive public spaces, eliminate the closure of residential buildings on the street profile, and increase the diversity of life trajectories.